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Access For All

"Access For All"--External & Internal Design Considerations

The following measurements are of universal design which are meant to give easy accessibility to all including persons with disabilities.

SIGNAGES:
Signs should be mounted between 1400mm and 1600mm from floor level

The individual character between 15mm-50mm tall, raised by 1mm - 1.5mm and bold & colour contrasted with their background

KERBS AND CROSSINGS:
Pavement should be dropped to be flush with roadway, at a gradient no greater than 1:12 on both sides of necessary and convenient crossing points

• Width should not be less than 1200mm
• Kerb ramps should never lead to a zebra crossing
• Warning blocks to be provided on the Kerb side edge of the slope so that a person with vision impairment does not accidentally walk onto the road

PARKING:
• Parking should be with in 30meters of the main entrance of the buildings
• Accessible parking lots with minimum width of 3600mm should be provided. (Overall minimum dimension being 3600mm x 4800mm)
• The parking should have the international signage painted on the ground and also on a signpost\board put near it
• There should be directional signs guiding people to the accessible parking
• Wheel stoppers to be provided to prevent vehicles to occupy space on the pedestrian pathway.
RAMPS:
• Gentle slope (1:12 minimum)
• Landings (every 750mm of vertical rise)
• Width (1200 mm or more)
• Handrails on both sides at a height of 850mm - 90mm; both ends to be rounded and grouted and extend 300mm beyond top 7 bottom of ramp
• Surfaces (ramp + landing) should be firm & slip resistant
• Ramp should be accompanied by a flight of easygoing steps
STEPS AND STAIRS:
• Uniform risers: 150 mm and tread: 300 mm
• Stairs edges should have bright contrasting colors: 50mm min
• The maximum height of a flight between landings to be 1200mm
• Landing should be 1200mm deep, clear of any door swing
• The steps should have an unobstructed width of at least 1200mm
• Have continuous handrails on both sides including the wall (if any) at 850 - 900mm
HANDRAILS:
Handrails should be circular in sections with a diameter of 40-45mm; at least 45mm clear of the surface to which they are attached; at the height of 850-900mm from the floor, extend by at least 300mm beyond the head and foot of the flight and ramp, in the line of travel and grouted in the ground.
CORRIDORS:
• Corridors should have an unobstructed width of 1500mm - 1800mm
• If less than 1500mm, turning spaces should be located at intervals of 30 meters
• Level differences should be leveled
• Threshold should not be more than 12mm
• All protruding objects more than 100mm from the wall to be placed either in a niche or above 2100mm from the floor
• To be well lit
DOORS:
• All doors should have a clear opening of 900mm
• Be fitted with a lever action locks and D-handles of circular sections
• Be fitted with vision panels at least between 900mm and 1500mm from floor level
• Be color contrasted with the surroundings wall and should not be heavier than 22N to open
• A distance of 450mm should be provided beyond the leading edge of door to enable a wheel chair user to maneuver and to reach the handle.
• Kick plates are recommended 300mm from the bottom, to resist wear and tear.
  TOILETS:
A minimum of one toilets compartments for public use should have enough floor space for wheelchairs users to enter and exit
• Clear floor space (1750 mm x 1550mm minimum)
• Should have door of clear opening of at least 900mm, with the door swing outwards or be folding or sliding type.
• Should have slop resistant flooring.
• Be provided with a horizontal pull bar at least 600mm long on the inside and 140mm long on the outside, at a height of 700mm.
  WATER CLOSET (WC):
• Have clear space of not less than 900mm wide next to the water closet.
• Be placed between 460mm to 480mm from the centre line of the WC to the adjacent wall and have a clear dimension of 800mm from the edge of the WC to the rear wall to facilitate side transfer
• The top of the WC to the rear wall to facilitate side transfer
• Have a back support
• Grab bars at the rear and the adjacent wall
• On the transfer side swing up grab bars shall be provided
WASHBASIN:
• Be of dimensions 520mm and 410mm, mounted such that the top edge is between 800mm - 900mm from the floor; have a Knee space of at least 760mm wide by 200mm deep by 650-680mm high
• Lever type handles for taps are recommended
• Mirror's bottom edge to be 1000mm from the floor and the mirror may be inclined at an angle
URINALS:
• At least one of the urinals should have grab bars to support ambulant persons with disabilities (for example, crutch users)
• A stall-type urinal is recommended
• Grab bars may be installed on each side, and in the front, of the urinal. The front bar is to provide chest support; the sidebars are for the user to hold on to while standings.
• Accessible toilet shall be provided with a switch that activates an emergency alarm
• For the benefits of the vision-impaired persons, all toilets to have male or female mark on plates, with raised alphabets and put on wall next to door
• A distinct audio sound (beeper/clapper) may be installed above the entrance door for identifications of the toilets
SERVICES & INFORMATION COUNTERS:
• Public dealing counters and writing surfaces should not be more than 800mm from the floor, with a minimum clear knee space of 650mm-680mm high and 280mm-300mm deep
• Staff manning the counters should know sign language
PUBLIC TELEPHONE:
• Maximum height of the operable part of a telephone: 1200mm
• Maximum height of a telephone (Knee space for wheelchair user): 650mm- 680mm
• Minimum floor ground space: 1200mm x 800mm
• Test Telephone equipments for persons with hearing impairment a teletypewriter (TYY) or telecommunication device (TDD) maybe installed adjacent to pay phone booth
• Guiding blocks may be installed to guide persons with vision impairment to public telephones
  LIFTS:
• Floor space: Minimum space for wheel chair users 1400 x 1400 mm or more
• Doors: Clear door opening 900 mm wide
• Door Closing Mechanism: Adjustable to give adequate entry time
• Call and Control Button: At a reach of 900 mm - 1000 mm at least 450 mm from any corner
• Braille Information / Raised Number, Audio and Visual Indicator, Review Mirror and Kick Plates may be fitted