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Access For All

"Access For All"--External & Internal Design Considerations

The following measurements are of universal design which are meant to give easy accessibility to all including persons with disabilities.

Signs should be mounted between 1400mm and 1600mm from floor level

The individual character between 15mm-50mm tall, raised by 1mm - 1.5mm and bold & colour contrasted with their background

Pavement should be dropped to be flush with roadway, at a gradient no greater than 1:12 on both sides of necessary and convenient crossing points

• Width should not be less than 1200mm
• Kerb ramps should never lead to a zebra crossing
• Warning blocks to be provided on the Kerb side edge of the slope so that a person with vision impairment does not accidentally walk onto the road

• Parking should be with in 30meters of the main entrance of the buildings
• Accessible parking lots with minimum width of 3600mm should be provided. (Overall minimum dimension being 3600mm x 4800mm)
• The parking should have the international signage painted on the ground and also on a signpost\board put near it
• There should be directional signs guiding people to the accessible parking
• Wheel stoppers to be provided to prevent vehicles to occupy space on the pedestrian pathway.
• Gentle slope (1:12 minimum)
• Landings (every 750mm of vertical rise)
• Width (1200 mm or more)
• Handrails on both sides at a height of 850mm - 90mm; both ends to be rounded and grouted and extend 300mm beyond top 7 bottom of ramp
• Surfaces (ramp + landing) should be firm & slip resistant
• Ramp should be accompanied by a flight of easygoing steps
• Uniform risers: 150 mm and tread: 300 mm
• Stairs edges should have bright contrasting colors: 50mm min
• The maximum height of a flight between landings to be 1200mm
• Landing should be 1200mm deep, clear of any door swing
• The steps should have an unobstructed width of at least 1200mm
• Have continuous handrails on both sides including the wall (if any) at 850 - 900mm
Handrails should be circular in sections with a diameter of 40-45mm; at least 45mm clear of the surface to which they are attached; at the height of 850-900mm from the floor, extend by at least 300mm beyond the head and foot of the flight and ramp, in the line of travel and grouted in the ground.
• Corridors should have an unobstructed width of 1500mm - 1800mm
• If less than 1500mm, turning spaces should be located at intervals of 30 meters
• Level differences should be leveled
• Threshold should not be more than 12mm
• All protruding objects more than 100mm from the wall to be placed either in a niche or above 2100mm from the floor
• To be well lit
• All doors should have a clear opening of 900mm
• Be fitted with a lever action locks and D-handles of circular sections
• Be fitted with vision panels at least between 900mm and 1500mm from floor level
• Be color contrasted with the surroundings wall and should not be heavier than 22N to open
• A distance of 450mm should be provided beyond the leading edge of door to enable a wheel chair user to maneuver and to reach the handle.
• Kick plates are recommended 300mm from the bottom, to resist wear and tear.
A minimum of one toilets compartments for public use should have enough floor space for wheelchairs users to enter and exit
• Clear floor space (1750 mm x 1550mm minimum)
• Should have door of clear opening of at least 900mm, with the door swing outwards or be folding or sliding type.
• Should have slop resistant flooring.
• Be provided with a horizontal pull bar at least 600mm long on the inside and 140mm long on the outside, at a height of 700mm.
• Have clear space of not less than 900mm wide next to the water closet.
• Be placed between 460mm to 480mm from the centre line of the WC to the adjacent wall and have a clear dimension of 800mm from the edge of the WC to the rear wall to facilitate side transfer
• The top of the WC to the rear wall to facilitate side transfer
• Have a back support
• Grab bars at the rear and the adjacent wall
• On the transfer side swing up grab bars shall be provided
• Be of dimensions 520mm and 410mm, mounted such that the top edge is between 800mm - 900mm from the floor; have a Knee space of at least 760mm wide by 200mm deep by 650-680mm high
• Lever type handles for taps are recommended
• Mirror's bottom edge to be 1000mm from the floor and the mirror may be inclined at an angle
• At least one of the urinals should have grab bars to support ambulant persons with disabilities (for example, crutch users)
• A stall-type urinal is recommended
• Grab bars may be installed on each side, and in the front, of the urinal. The front bar is to provide chest support; the sidebars are for the user to hold on to while standings.
• Accessible toilet shall be provided with a switch that activates an emergency alarm
• For the benefits of the vision-impaired persons, all toilets to have male or female mark on plates, with raised alphabets and put on wall next to door
• A distinct audio sound (beeper/clapper) may be installed above the entrance door for identifications of the toilets
• Public dealing counters and writing surfaces should not be more than 800mm from the floor, with a minimum clear knee space of 650mm-680mm high and 280mm-300mm deep
• Staff manning the counters should know sign language
• Maximum height of the operable part of a telephone: 1200mm
• Maximum height of a telephone (Knee space for wheelchair user): 650mm- 680mm
• Minimum floor ground space: 1200mm x 800mm
• Test Telephone equipments for persons with hearing impairment a teletypewriter (TYY) or telecommunication device (TDD) maybe installed adjacent to pay phone booth
• Guiding blocks may be installed to guide persons with vision impairment to public telephones
• Floor space: Minimum space for wheel chair users 1400 x 1400 mm or more
• Doors: Clear door opening 900 mm wide
• Door Closing Mechanism: Adjustable to give adequate entry time
• Call and Control Button: At a reach of 900 mm - 1000 mm at least 450 mm from any corner
• Braille Information / Raised Number, Audio and Visual Indicator, Review Mirror and Kick Plates may be fitted